Cameroon Print Page
Children from the Catholic school in Cameroon.
© James Emery
Cameroon is a linguistically and ethnically diverse country whose geography ranges from Sahelian semi-desert in the north through grassland to equatorial forest in the south. This diversity favors varied economic and agricultural activities, though, in reality, 70% of the population depends on agriculture and pastoral activities for their livelihood. Cameroon is classified as a low-middle income country. It ranks 150th out of 186 countries in the 2013 UNDP Human Development Index.
Cameroon joined GPE in 2006 when its 2006-2012 Education Sector Plan was endorsed. One of the main education challenges the country faces is the lack of trained teachers. The GPE-supported program, with complementary financing from the French Development Agency, was entirely dedicated to paying contract teachers' salaries in order to increase access, enhance quality and promote equity in the education sector.
Thanks to this support, school enrolments increased especially in remote regions in the north of the country. Contract teachers were deployed to the regions of the country where they were most needed. In spite of this progress, challenges remain with respect to access to schooling and the overall quality of education. Cameroon is preparing a new Education Plan for 2013-2021.
The country's budget share going to education went down from 19.5% in 2007 to 17.9% in 2010. From that budget, 34.2% (2010) is going to basic education, compared with 37% in 2007, and 45% on average in the region.
GPE's basic principles help to strengthen government leadership, harmonize support around the country's vision and key activities retained in the program implementation plan for effectiveness and results.
Cameroon received a GPE grant of $47.5 million for the period 2007-2011, divided in two tranches of $22.5 million and $22.8 million. The implementation of the last tranche was successfully completed in December 2011. The grant supported the salary of contract teachers and the World Bank was the Supervising Entity.
Cameroon's primary completion rate increased from 64.3% in 2007 to 73% in 2010. More girls are now completing primary school, with a gender parity index for primary completion rising from 0.85 in 2007 to 0.89 in 2010.
In 2010, 49% of primary school children continued to secondary school. This rate was 47.8% in 2008. The country's youth literacy rate reached 83% (2007). In 2010, there were 37,200 new teachers working in primary schools, a sharp increase from previous years. Despite this progress, the country faces major quality issues.
for Primary Completion Rate
as % of Total Public Spending
as % of Total Education Spending
AT A GLANCE
Local Education Group
Local Education Group
A Local Education Group (LEG) is a forum of stakeholders within the education sector who develop, implement, monitor and evaluate education sector plans. All member countries of the Global Partnership have a LEG. They are led by the national government, and are composed of education development partners such as donors and development agencies, teachers' organizations, civil society organizations, and private education providers. Nonetheless, the specific composition, title, and working arrangements of a LEG vary from country to country.