Central African Republic Print Page
Beboy Deux bush school, near Paoua.
© Simon Davis/DFID
The Central African Republic (CAR) is a landlocked country in Central Africa with a population of 4.6 million. About 70 % to 80 % of the population live in rural areas. The country has a GDP per capita of $722 and is ranked 180th out of 186 countries in the 2013 UNDP Human Development Index.
CAR joined GPE in 2008 following the endorsement of the national education sector strategy for 2008-2020. The strategy has four key priorities: to promote universal primary education, to improve learning achievement in secondary and higher education, to expand universal literacy, and to develop vocational education.
CAR's share of budget going to education is low but increasing: it was 9.5% in 2009 and 12.2% in 2011.
The adoption of GPE's basic principles helped create a dynamic local education group (LEG) coordinated by UNICEF. In 2012, CSO representatives (including teacher unions) joined the Ministry of Education, donors and international agencies in the LEG.
CAR obtained a GPE program implementation grant in 2008 of $37.8 million. The program focused on increasing access through school construction, rehabilitation and furniture, improving education quality with teacher training and new textbooks, and improving system management and efficiency. The program was supervised by the World Bank, which rated it highly satisfactory.
The primary school completion rate is low but improving, rising from 27% in 2008 to almost 40% in 2011. But the number of out of school children in CAR is still high at 66% (2011). The youth literacy rate was 65% in 2010. The gender parity index in primary school completion has not changed since 2008 at 0.64. There are 59% of children transitioning from primary school to secondary school. CAR has added new teachers every year since 2009, with almost 3,000 new teachers in 2011 alone.
for Primary Completion Rate
as % of Total Public Spending
as % of Total Education Spending
AT A GLANCE
Local Education Group
Local Education Group
A Local Education Group (LEG) is a forum of stakeholders within the education sector who develop, implement, monitor and evaluate education sector plans. All member countries of the Global Partnership have a LEG. They are led by the national government, and are composed of education development partners such as donors and development agencies, teachers' organizations, civil society organizations, and private education providers. Nonetheless, the specific composition, title, and working arrangements of a LEG vary from country to country.