Djibouti Print Page
Two girls read in a Djibouti classroom.
© Books for Africa
Djibouti is a small country in the Horn of Africa. It is bordered by Eritrea in the north, Ethiopia in the west and south, and Somalia in the southeast. Djibouti has a population of 905,500 people. Its annual economic growth rate was around 5% between 2007 and 2009. Djibouti ranks 164th out of 186 countries in the 2013 UNDP Human Development Index.
Djibouti joined the Global Partnership for Education in 2006 after the appraisal and endorsement of its Education Sector Plan 2010-2019. The Sector Plan has six objectives: strengthening access to and participation in education; reducing education and training disparities; improving the quality and relevance of teaching and learning; strengthening the professional development of teachers; building planning, management and guidance capacities at all levels; and supporting and improving the financial sustainability.
Based on the Sector Plan, the Ministry of National Education and Vocational Training developed a series of action plans focusing on improving access, equity, quality, and efficiency of the education system. These plans help to translate the goals of the Education Sector Plan into actionable objectives.
The government of Djibouti allocated 13% of its national budget to education in 2011.
Through the GPE processes the coordination of partners in the education sector in Djibouti is being strengthened. The local education group is coordinated by the Ministry of National Education and Vocational Training and UNICEF, the coordinating agency. GPE’s support has allowed Djibouti’s education partners to update the Action Plan for the coming years.
Since 2006 Djibouti has received $12 million in GPE grants, supervised by the World Bank. Thanks to these grants, Djibouti has been able to improve drastically access and coverage in education. There has been an increase of 44% in the number of primary schools built and functioning since 2003. Nevertheless access to education continues to be a major challenge with a net enrolment rate of 69.5% (according to the ‘Enquête de ménage EDAM 3 de 2012’) . The quality of the education system is another challenge.
With support of the local education group, Djibouti is preparing a new funding request for an indicative amount of $3.8 million, which will be submitted to the GPE Board in November. This new funding would support the implementation of the updated Education Action Plan 2014-2016 and will mainly focus on improving the learning environment and teacher instructional practices in the first three grades of primary education.
Djibouti has made great strides in improving its primary school completion rate: the figure shot up from 51% in 2009 to 72% in 2011. There are as many girls as boys who complete primary school: the gender parity index for primary school completion reached 1.0 in 2011.
NO DATA AVAILABLE
for Primary Completion Rate
as % of Total Public Spending
as % of Total Education Spending
AT A GLANCE
Local Education Group
Local Education Group
A Local Education Group (LEG) is a forum of stakeholders within the education sector who develop, implement, monitor and evaluate education sector plans. All member countries of the Global Partnership have a LEG. They are led by the national government, and are composed of education development partners such as donors and development agencies, teachers' organizations, civil society organizations, and private education providers. Nonetheless, the specific composition, title, and working arrangements of a LEG vary from country to country.