Ghana Print Page
Boy in Ghana. © Arne Hoel/The World Bank
Ghana is a medium-size country in West Africa along the Gulf of Guinea. It has a population of 25 million. Ghana’s economy is growing ahead of the average for the Africa region, with gross domestic product (GDP) growth at 8% in 2010 and 14% in 2011. The main economic sectors are cocoa production, construction, transport, gold mining and oil production. Ghana ranks 135th out of 186 countries in the 2013 UNDP Human Development Index.
Ghana joined Global Partnership for Education in 2004 with an endorsed Education Sector Plan covering the period 2003-2015. When Ghana joined GPE, schools in the country lacked basic facilities. Reliable data on enrollment and completion were not available. Many of the teachers in primary did not have the basic qualifications to instruct students.
In March 2012, Ghana’s development partners approved an updated Education Strategic Plan for 2010-2020. The updated plan includes a renewed emphasis on the unfinished tasks of reaching universal primary school enrollment and gender parity. More importantly, in order to improve student learning, the plan now outlines interventions to improve instruction and service delivery.
In 2010, Ghana allocated 23% of its national budget to education, up from 22% in 2009. From this budget, the country allocated 42% to basic education in 2010, down from 46% in 2009.
The Local Education Group in Ghana is led by the government and comprises all major actors in the education sector. Initially, the group included mainly bilateral and multilateral donors. Now it includes strong civil society participation, especially from the teacher unions. The Coordinating Agency is USAID and in addition to civil society organizations, members include DFID, UNICEF, JICA, the World Bank, and the World Food Program.
Between 2005 and 2009, Ghana received a GPE grant of $33.2 million for the implementation of its sector plan. The grant contributed significantly to improving educational outcomes in the country.
Ghana applied for another grant of $75.5 million, which was approved in June 2012. Fully aligned with the sector plan, this grant managed by the World Bank targets resources to 57 deprived districts to improve equity, access and quality. In addition, the grant will support capacity building, especially for monitoring and evaluating progress in the sector.
Ghana has achieved impressive results in education on several fronts. The rate of primary school completion increased from 86% in 2008 to 92% in 2011. The gender parity index in primary completion also improved, from 0.93 in 2009 to 0.95 in 2011. There was a slight decrease in the number of children transitioning from primary to secondary school: the rate was 95% in 2010 and fell to 92% in 2011. Enrollment in pre-primary education is gaining ground, with an increase from 83% in 2005 to 98% in 2011. The literacy rate for youth aged 15 to 24 was 81% in 2010.
for Primary Completion Rate
AT A GLANCE
Local Education Group
Local Education Group
A Local Education Group (LEG) is a forum of stakeholders within the education sector who develop, implement, monitor and evaluate education sector plans. All member countries of the Global Partnership have a LEG. They are led by the national government, and are composed of education development partners such as donors and development agencies, teachers' organizations, civil society organizations, and private education providers. Nonetheless, the specific composition, title, and working arrangements of a LEG vary from country to country.