Madagascar Print Page
A girl raises her hand to speak in class
© Alberto Begue/GPE
Madagascar is an island country in the Indian Ocean off the southeastern coast of Africa. The country’s annual economic growth, consistently above 5% up to 2009, slowed down dramatically in early 2009, when Madagascar experienced a political crisis. The country is now in its fourth year of political instability.
Madagascar has a population of 21 million and ranks 151st in the 2013 UNDP Human Development Report, down from 145th in the 2009 report. Seventy percent of the population lives in rural areas and one quarter lives in zones where the risk of natural disasters, including cyclones, floods and droughts, is high.
Madagascar joined the Global Partnership in 2005 when development partners endorsed its first Education for All (EFA) Plan. The EFA Plan consisted of a set of reforms to address gaps in school infrastructure, a growing proportion of untrained community-recruited teachers, curriculum and language of instruction issues and low education management capacity.
Following a decade of steady progress, Madagascar’s education sector suffered great setbacks following the unconstitutional government change in March 2009.
The country received a grant from GPE in 2012 to put sector planning back on track through the development of an Interim Education Sector Plan (IESP). The IESP includes critical components designed to minimize the negative impact of prolonged political and economic crisis. In addition, it sets out a strategy to rebuild capacity for education planning and management, culminating in the development of a complete education sector plan by 2015.
In 2011, Madagascar allocated over 20% of its national budget to education, and within that budget, almost 65% went to primary education.
The Local Education Group is co-led by the Ministry of National Education and UNICEF and includes donor agencies, international development banks, representatives of civil society and three national private education organizations.
Madagascar received $60 million in GPE grants from 2006-2008 and $64 million for the period 2009-2013. While the first GPE grant contributed to improvements in key education sector indicators, the second grant helped minimize the impact of the political and economic crisis. It kept partners mobilized and coordinated at a time when support to other sectors became fragmented, and secured core funding when the economic consequences of the crisis reduced education funding significantly.
Madagascar submitted a request for $85.4 million in early 2013, which was approved by the GPE Board of Directors at its meeting in May 2013.
The primary school completion rate in Madagascar increased from 63% in 2007 to 76% in 2009, then fell again to 72% in 2011. The country almost achieved gender parity in primary school completion: the gender parity index was at 0.98 in 2011. The transition rate from primary to secondary was 60.5% in 2007 and climbed to 67% in 2011. The percentage of youth aged 15-24 who are literate is 65%.
for Primary Completion Rate
as % of Total Public Spending
as % of Total Education Spending
AT A GLANCE
Local Education Group
Local Education Group
A Local Education Group (LEG) is a forum of stakeholders within the education sector who develop, implement, monitor and evaluate education sector plans. All member countries of the Global Partnership have a LEG. They are led by the national government, and are composed of education development partners such as donors and development agencies, teachers' organizations, civil society organizations, and private education providers. Nonetheless, the specific composition, title, and working arrangements of a LEG vary from country to country.