Rwanda Print Page
A boy and his classmate
learn to read in Rwanda.
Rwanda is a small country in the Great Lakes region of Eastern Africa with a population of 11 million. Its population density is one of the highest in Africa. The country has achieved impressive development progress over the past two decades. Its economy is one of the fastest growing in Africa, with an average annual GPD growth of 8% over the past 9 years. Rwanda ranks 167th out of 186 countries in the 2013 UNDP Human Development Index.
Education is a clear priority for the medium-term strategy of the government of Rwanda. The country joined the Global Partnership for Education in 2006. In 2010, the Ministry of Education issued an updated Education Sector Strategic Plan covering the period 2010-2015, which was endorsed by the country’s education partners.
The main focus of the strategy is on education quality and equity, and on strengthening capacity within the education sector. More specifically, the 2010-2015 Plan aims to enhance science and technology education, improve completion and transition rates, reduce drop-out and repetition rates, provide support and training to teachers, and ensure that post-basic education matches the needs of the labor market.
Rwanda has received the prestigious Commonwealth Education Good Practice Award in August 2012 for its Nine-Year Basic Education program and is becoming a model for other developing countries in the Sub-Saharan African region.
In 2010, Rwanda allocated 17% of its national budget to education, a decline from the previous year allocation of 18.7%. From that budget, about 60% was spent on basic education.
The coordinating agency in Rwanda is DFID, which leads the local education group comprised of education partners, including several civil society organizations. There is very good collaboration among the education partners in the country, who have aligned their financial support to Rwanda’s education budget.
In 2010, Rwanda received a GPE grant of $70 million for the period 2011-2014. DFID is the Supervising Entity. One of the initiatives that the GPE funding supports is “Rwanda Reads”, a four-year program aimed at developing a culture of reading in Rwanda. At the primary school level, children in the early grades benefit from revised teacher training, more and better reading materials, and the establishment of reading standards to guide curriculum reform thanks to this program.
Rwanda has made good progress in improving the primary school completion rate over the past few years. From 74.5% in 2009, the rate climbed to almost 79% in 2011. The rate of out-of-school children is falling fast, from 7% in 2009 to 4% in 2011. The country has reached parity between girls and boys for primary school completion. The gender parity index has been above 1 since 2009. The transition rate from primary to secondary was 94% in 2010. More than three quarters of young people aged 15 to 24 are literate (77% in 2010). In 2010, Rwanda added over 2,000 new primary school teachers.
for Primary Completion Rate
as % of Total Public Spending
as % of Total Education Spending
AT A GLANCE
Local Education Group
Local Education Group
A Local Education Group (LEG) is a forum of stakeholders within the education sector who develop, implement, monitor and evaluate education sector plans. All member countries of the Global Partnership have a LEG. They are led by the national government, and are composed of education development partners such as donors and development agencies, teachers' organizations, civil society organizations, and private education providers. Nonetheless, the specific composition, title, and working arrangements of a LEG vary from country to country.