Senegal Print Page
Children show their slate to the teacher. © USDA gov.
Senegal is a Sahelian low middle-income country located in West Africa. It has a population of about 14 million. Recent economic growth has averaged 4% annually; slightly below the Sub-Saharan African average of 4.7 percent. The poverty rate is at 47% with over 30% of the population living in chronic poverty, facing food insecurity and high child malnutrition. In 2013, the per-capita income was $ 1,737. Senegal ranks 154th out of 186 countries in the 2013 UNDP Human Development Report.
Senegal joined GPE in 2006 after the endorsement of its education sector plan by the development partners. The 2013-2025 education sector plan has 8 priorities: (i) implement universal basic education under the universal right to education; (ii) adapt, in partnership with the private sector, vocational and technical training to meet the needs of economic development; (iii) improve the quality of teaching and learning; (iv) promote the teaching of science, technology and innovation; (v) pursue the decentralization of management for effective governance; (vi) strengthen sector efficiency; (vii) enhance staff productivity; and (viii) progressively develop the use of national languages.
In the past decade, Senegal has demonstrated a strong commitment to education. In 2011, about 32% of the budget was allocated to education.
GPE partners work in partnership with the Government to support the country's education sector plan. USAID, the Coordinating Agency, helped to build consensus around the 2013-2025 education plan. Senegal and its partners will continue holding monthly meetings to monitor plan implementation progress.
In 2009, Senegal received a grant of $81.5 million. The grant's objective was to get all children in primary school by 2015 through construction and equipping of classrooms. A first tranche of $35 million was used to build almost 2,000 classrooms, 254 school administration facilities, and provide water to 374 schools. The second tranche of $46.5 million was used for the construction of an additional 2,400 classrooms, 460 latrines, 266 school administration facilities, and to provide water to 421 schools. By 2013 80% of the resources were disbursed. A total of 3,164 classrooms have been completed with 1,196 under construction.
In 2013, Senegal has applied for a new grant for $46.9 million, which is in line with the indicative allocation provided by the GPE Needs and Performance Framework. This second grant will build on prior achievements and complement the previous grant. After focusing on access, the focus will now shift to improve the quality of education. The program will combine multiple funding sources, including domestic resources complemented by those from three donors (World Bank, CIDA and GPE), consistent with the principle of aid harmonization.
Between 2000 and 2011, Senegal has made good progress in getting more children complete primary school. Completion rates rose from 60% in 2009 to almost 67% in 2011. Though, this is still below the average 70% in Sub-Saharan Africa. The gender parity index is high at 1.13. The youth literacy rate was 65% in 2009. The number of primary school teachers has increased from 48,000 in 2009 to 52,000 in 2011 greatly surpassing targets set by the government. The primary to lower secondary school transition rate increased from 60% in 2009 to 91% in 2011.
for Primary Completion Rate
as % of Total Public Spending
as % of Total Education Spending
AT A GLANCE
Local Education Group
Local Education Group
A Local Education Group (LEG) is a forum of stakeholders within the education sector who develop, implement, monitor and evaluate education sector plans. All member countries of the Global Partnership have a LEG. They are led by the national government, and are composed of education development partners such as donors and development agencies, teachers' organizations, civil society organizations, and private education providers. Nonetheless, the specific composition, title, and working arrangements of a LEG vary from country to country.